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Fake News vs. Real News: Glossary

How to Determine the Reliability of Sources

Terms to Know

Agenda:
A goal to be achieved in influencing the audience, often referred to as a hidden agenda

 

AP:
The Associated Press, an internationally-recognized news outlet

 

Bias: 
A tendency or opinion for or against a particular thing, usually based on prejudice

 

Clickbait:
Online material created to draw traffic to a website rather than inform an audience.

 

Context: 
The situation surrounding an event (e.g., a speech given in the context of a heated political environment)

 

Credibility: 
The quality of being trustworthy

 

Fringe source:
A media outlet that disseminates information that is significantly different from mainstream views 

 

Journalism: 
Journalism is the activity of gathering, assessing, creating, and presenting news and information. The purpose of journalism is […] to provide citizens with the information they need to make the best possible decisions about their lives, their communities, their societies, and their governments. https://www.americanpressinstitute.org/

 

Mainstream media:
News outlets that both reflect and influence the opinions of a large number of people 

 

Native Ad:
Sponsored content that looks like news (e.g., television infomercials disguised as interviews or talk shows)

 

Neutrality:
The state of being impartial, not supporting either side

 

Primary source:
The original document, recording, or photograph created when an event or condition was experienced

 

Reliability:
The trustworthiness of a source

 

Satire:
The use of irony, sarcasm, and/or ridicule in exposing or denouncing the actions or vices of others, particularly politicians 

 

Secondary source:
Material that was created later by someone who did not experience first-hand or participate in an event or condition

 

Spin: 
A biased interpretation of an event

 

Sponsored content:
Content (i.e., articles) that look like the format of the site but are actually marketing materials

 

UPI:
United Press International, an internationally-recognized news outlet

 

Verification:
The process of assessing the accuracy or validity of something